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Дата публикации статьи в журнале: 2020/01/08
Название журнала: Восточно Европейский Научный Журнал, Выпуск: 52, Том: 1, Страницы в выпуске: 26-31
Анотация: . Objective. To Investigate the characteristics of the condition of central retina in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). The study involved 62 patients with DM2. All patients were diagnosed with non-proliferative (31 patients, 31 eyes) and proliferative diabetic retinopathy (31 patients, 31 eyes) on the basis of results of clinical and instrumental examination and according to the ETDRS classification. The ophthalmological examination included measurements of visual acuity with optimal optical correction, tonometry, biomicroscopy, ophthalmoscopy, optical coherence tomography. The thickness and volume of the central retina in patients with proliferative DR were 309.0 ± 130.0 μm and 7.6 ± 2.7 mm3, respectively, in subcompensated DM, whereas these indicators were 287.0 ± 40.0 μm and 7.80 ± 0.57 mm3 (p> 0.05), respectively, in decompensated DM. A statistically significant decrease in corrected visual acuity (p = 0.012) and an increase in the volume of the central retina (by 6.9%; p = 0.034) were detected under the conditions of diabetic retinopathy (DR) progression. More expressed demonstrative changes in the retina (p <0.05) were found in patients with proliferative DR complicated by macular edema. Patients with PDR had no differences in eye condition in subcompensation and decompensation of DM2. As a result of progression of DR from non-proliferative to proliferative stage, the corrected visual acuity decreased and the thickness and volume of central macular retina increased. This may be associated with the development of edema due to the progression of the pathological process.
Ключевые слова: proliferative diabetic retinopathy type 2 diabetes mellitus central retina macula edema retinal volume
Данные для цитирования: Maksymtsiv M.L. , . CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CONDITION OF CENTRAL RETINA IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS AND PROLIFERATIVE DIABETIC RETINOPATHY (26-31). Восточно Европейский Научный Журнал. Медицинские науки. 2020/01/08; 52(1):26-31.